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Compare And Contrast To Approachs To Psychology Essay

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Compare and Contrast two of the approaches in psychology.

Introduction

The word ‘Psychology’ is derived from the Greek words ‘Psyche’ meaning ‘mind’ or ‘soul’ and ‘Logos’, meaning ‘study of’. The definition in the dictionary states that it is ‘ the study of human and animal behaviour’. Atkinson et al (1991) defines psychology as ‘ the scientific study of behaviour and mental processes’. All definitions are correct in their own rights but as simple definitions can sometimes be misleading as through out history, Psychologists have not only disagreed about designation of psychology but what and how it should be studied.

These approaches are often referred to as ‘perspectives’. Each has a very different way of explaining human behaviour and makes different assumptions about the processes behind this behaviour.

There are 5 major perspectives in Psychology offering different explanations as to why humans behave in the way they do. By comparing and contrasting two of these approaches the behaviourist and the biological approach it will highlight the different aspects to each approach. Psychology evolved through three subjects’ philosophy, biology and physics. It developed through stages and views, firstly with Psychoanalysis, behaviourism, cognitive, humanistic and lastly biological.

Main body

Behaviourists believed that we are shaped by the way our behaviours are rewarded. Behaviourists want results, by which they can check measure and observe on the stimulus and the reacted response.

McLeod, (2007) suggests humanistic, humanism and humanist are terms in psychology relating to an approach which studies the whole person, and the uniqueness of each individual. Essentially, these terms refer the same approach in psychology.

This relates to the belief on genetics and the experiences we go through in life are different from each other.

Through ‘ethics’ there is a rule that no mental or physical harm should come to a participant of an experiment.
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